The project focuses on the mutual influence of biological diversity and local indigenous cultural diversity in a biodiversity hotspot in Asia.
Researchers will investigate the differences in plant use and study plant resource management of cultivated and collected wild species among the ethnic communities.
The ecological impact of repeated harvesting of wild plants on different habitats will be analysed (sustainability of use).
Field work will involve interviews about medicinal plant use, the assessment of plant diversity around the villages, identification of different plant taxa and the impact of repeated plant harvesting.
The work will include in situ collection of wild plant material and taxonomic identification of plants using reference herbaria.
Genetic resource: Wild plant material
Associated Traditional Knowledge: Knowledge of indigenous and local communities about their use of the plants.
Access: Interviews with members of the indigenous and local communities about plant use. In-situ collection of plants.
Utilization: Taxonomic identification of plants, analysis of interviews and publication of results
Stakeholders involved in ABS-procedures: Research institute, local communities and Competent National Authority
Steps: Apply for PIC of the provider country; inquire with the National Focal Point about conditions for access to Associated Traditional Knowledge; follow instructions to get PIC and MAT of the indigenous and local communities; negotiate MAT with the provider country.
Notes: The term traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources is not clearly defined. Here, we assume that it is knowledge about the traditional use of plants. Accordingly, location of plants, harvesting methods and frequency do not fall under the term. This would need to be verified with the Competent National Authority.