Access: The acquisition of genetic resources or of traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources in country that is a Party to the Nagoya Protocol.

Genetic resources: Any material of plant, animal, microbial or other origin containing functional units of heredity, which is of actual or potential value, or derivatives.

Mutually Agreed terms (MAT): Agreement (contract) between a provider of genetic resources or associated traditional knowledge and a user, defining the conditions governing the use of genetic resources and benefit-sharing. Additional requirements may exist for subsequent users or change of intent, e.g. product development and commercialization.

Prior Informed Consent (PIC): Approval by the authorities of the providing country of access to and utilization of genetic resources, issued at the time of access as proof of compliance to applicable laws and regulations

Traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources: Knowledge held by an indigenous or local community that is relevant for the utilization of genetic resources and that is as such described in the mutually agreed terms applying to the utilization of genetic resources.

Utilization of genetic resources: To conduct research and development (R&D) on the genetic and/or biochemical composition of genetic resources, including through application of biotechnology. This includes basic and applied research.

Internationally recognized certificate of compliance (IRCC): A domestic access permit that has been made available to the Protocol’s Clearing House. All Parties with users in their jurisdiction must recognize such certificates as evidence of acquisition in accordance with applicable rule of the genetic resource covered.